Music Elements

The students at North Jackson Elementary are expected to understand the elements of music and the vocabulary related to each element. The more students understand the elements, the greater their ability to perform, create, and interpret or critique the music of other artists, cultures, and historical periods.

1. Rhythm
bar line
double bar line
measure
time signature/meter signature
whole note and whole rest
half note and half rest
quarter note and quarter rest
eighth note and eighth rest
sixteenth note and sixteenth rest
dotted notes
syncopation
fermata


2. Tempo
steady beat
slow or fast
Presto
Allegro
Moderato
Andante
Largo
Accelerando
Ritardando


3. Melody
pitch
high, middle, low
melodic direction (upward, downward, step, skip, leap or stays the same)
staff
line note or space note
treble clef
names of notes on treble clef staff
bass clef
names of notes on bass clef staff (6th grade)
grand staff
sharp, flat, natural signs
melodic phrase


4. Harmony
unison
parts
major
minor
rounds
two-part harmony
triads
chords


5. Form
AB (two-part)
verse/chorus (verse/refrain)
ABA (three-part)
call and response
round
rondo
theme and variations
repeat signs
coda
fine

1st ending, 2nd ending


6. Dynamics
loud or soft
pianissimo ( pp )
piano ( p )
mezzo piano ( mp )
mezzo forte ( mf )
forte ( f )
fortissimo ( ff )
crescendo
decrescendo


7. Timbre (tone color)
Instrumental Families- orchestra, band and folk instruments
brass
trumpet, horn (French horn), trombone and tuba
woodwind
recorder, piccolo, flute, clarinet, saxophone, oboe, English horn
and bassoon
string
violin, viola, cello and bass (string bass)
guitar, bass guitar, dulcimer (Kentucky's state instrument)
and banjo
percussion
pitched - piano, xylophone, bells and timpani
unpitched - drums (snare, bass, bongos, conga, etc.), tambourine,
cymbals, castenets, maracas, guiro, vibraslap, etc.
electronic instruments
midi and synthesizer


Vocal Family
children's voices
girl or boy
adult voices
soprano, alto, tenor and bass

Additional music vocabulary
musician
composer
conductor
accompaniment
a cappella